The family is in the monocot order Asparagales. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae. Literature Important literature Baker, J.G. A new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this group. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. [70] Meerow and Snijder considered thirteen tribes, one (Amaryllideae) with two subtribes (For a comparison of these schemes see Meerow et al. Similarly within the Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae. They relocated Agapanthus within Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to Amaryllidaceae. Liliaceae Sectio VII. 1888. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Stamens exserted from perianth; anthers 6 mm long. We Also Recommend. Region: Central Africa. Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. There have been widely differing views as to the limits of the family. Upper (Mya). 3, Part 2. HOT. [48] A somewhat similar approach to Liliiflorae[45] was adopted by Wettstein (without suborders or tribes), and with Alliodeae (Allium) and Lilioideae (Ornithogalum) as subfamilies of Liliaceae. The remnants of Stemomesson then formed a distinct clade with Eucharis (Eucharidae) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae (see Cladogram III). J.-C.)[1]. The 2009 APG classification (APG III of 2009) formally adopted this broad view of the Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae species are considered more advanced in evolution than the lilies. En classification phylogénétique APG II (2003), cette famille est optionnelle : ces plantes peuvent aussi être incluses dans les Alliacées. The use of the term Ordo (order) at that time was closer to what we now understand as family, rather than order. Classification Browse Images ... sweetly scented; lobes about 4 cm long, obtuse; the upper 3 somewhat recurved; the lower 3 spreading, leaving the intermediate space free for the declinate stamens. This uncertainty of circumscription reflected a wider problem with the petaloid monocots in general. En revanche, les fleurs ou bulbes commercialisés sous le nom d'« amaryllis » sont le plus souvent des cultivars d'un genre distinct, Hippeastrum. The six stamens are arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more as in Gethyllis (Amaryllidoideae, 9–18). Allyl sulfide compounds produce the characteristic odour of the onion subfamily (Allioideae). Amaryllidaceae. 371 placed attention on the relatively lower toxicity of alkaloids in the flower buds. The Amaryllis flower stem is erect, 5-60 cm tall, 1-3 cm in diameter, and hollow. Most species have dense clusters of red flowers and broad, blunt leaves that are grouped at the base of the plant. A Classification of the Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids. Links . Upper (Mya). The Allioideae produce allyl sulfide compounds which give them their characteristic smell.[5][6]. Since they treated Allioideae as family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and Gilliesioideae. What Our Customers Are Saying. Amaryllis is cultivated for its beautiful and colorful flowers. An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. Within the Liliaceae, the core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from the alliaceous subfamily, Allioideae. Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis »des fleuristes 3. Live Statistics. Adolf Engler developed Eichler's ideas much further, into much more elaborate schemes that evolved over time, from his 1888 scheme, contributed by Pax[46] to his 1903 version[47] In the latter, the Liliineae were a suborder of Liliiflorae, including both families Liliaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Définitions de Amaryllidaceae, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Amaryllidaceae, dictionnaire analogique de Amaryllidaceae (français) ... La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae. 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 Amaryllidaceae is well-marked by its showy lily-like epigynous flowers as in common onion. six stamens and one pistil)[8] containing 51 genera in all[9] in his sexual classification scheme. Acis –Agapanthus –Allium –Amaryllis –Ammocharis –Apodolirion –Boophone –Brunsvigia –X Calicharis –Caliphruria –Calostemma –Castellanoa –Cearanthes –Chlidanthus –Clinanthus –Clivia –Cr… Allieae (Conspectus) pp. Amaryllidoideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. To distinguish this broader family from the older, narrower family, it has become customary to refer to Amaryllidaceae sensu APG, or as used by APG, Amaryllidaceae s.l.. as opposed to Amaryllidaceae s.s..[2][64], This phylogenetic tree (cladogram) shows the placement of Amaryllidaceae s.l. Zephyranthes atamascocultivé 6. The flowers, which are hermaphroditic (bisexual), are actinomorphic (radially symmetrical), rarely zygomorphic, pedicellate or sessile, and are typically arranged in umbels at the apex of leafless flowering stems, or scapes and associated with a filiform (thread like) bract. Character-state mapping was used to infer a center of ... (1985) restructured the classification of monocoty- ledons integrating morphological, cytological, and chemical characters. The current phylogenetic era of understanding the taxonomic relationships of Amaryllidaceae began with the work of Fay and Chase (1996) who used the plastid gene rubisco rbcL to identify the close relationship between Agapanthus, Alliaceae, and Amaryllidaceae. Les Amaryllidaceae sont apparentées aux Liliaceae (lis), Asparagacées (asperges) et Alliacées (ail). Since 2009, a very broad view has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and including a number of other former families. [41] Bentham and Hooker's scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach.[42]. [59] The close relationship was confirmed in a more detailed study by Meerow (1999) who confirmed the monophyly of Amaryllidaceae, with Agapanthaceae as its sister family and Alliaceae in turn as sister to the Amaryllidaceae/Agapanthaceae clade. Select; Type. Hexandria monogynia has come to be treated as either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous (see Taxonomy of Liliaceae) over time. Ce sont des plantes herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes, à feuilles caduques, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales. With de Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families (ordo) in 1789. English Articles. Other writers proposed reuniting Amaryllidaceae with Liliaceae. Over time, it has seen much reorganisation and at various times was combined with the related Liliaceae. [65] Under this proposal, the three families became reduced to subfamilies (and by extension the subfamilies of Alliaceae s.s. being reduced to tribes.) 2019. Les alcaloïdesisoquinoléiques sont caractéristiques de la famille. The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). He divided the former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including the Amaryllideae. This circumscription differs from the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and colleagues in several respects. [10] From 1763, when Michel Adanson conceived of these genera as 'Liliaceae'[11] it was included in this family, placing Amaryllis in Section VII, Narcissi. The Amaryllidaceae are mainly terrestrial (rarely aquatic) flowering plants that are herbaceous or succulent geophytes (occasionally epiphytes) that are perennial, with the exception of four species. Two genera and six species are indigenous to Thailand; five species of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys (L.) Herb. [74][75][72][76][77], The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website lists 73 genera and 1,605 species within Amaryllidaceae s.l.,[65] while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. (Wikipedia) Scientific name: Agapanthus. Select; Size. Purdue system wide search. [58], Complete resolution of infrafamilial (suprageneric) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae s.s.) has proven more difficult. The American clade was better resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe (and Zephyranthinae as a subtribe within it). [10][72] The Eurasian clade includes Lycorideae. The tepals are similar in shape and size, and may be free from each other or fused at the base (connate) to form a floral tube (hypanthium). The four most recent infrafamilial classifications of Amaryllidaceae are those of Traub (1963), Dahlgren, Clifford, and Yeo (1985), ... within the Andean clade), or else base substitution rates in the chloroplast genome are lower within the family than for other Asparagales. Amaryllidaceae, amaryllis family of perennial herbs in the flowering plant order Asparagales, containing 73 genera and at least 1,600 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Class: Liliopsida. Members of the family have bulbs or underground stems, several strap- or lance-shaped leaves grouped at the base of the… 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 The Amaryllidaceae is closely related to Liliaceae in having underground stem, exstipulate, simple leaves; flowers in scapes; bracteate, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, flowers; perianth 3+3; stamens 3+3, epiphyllous; gynoecium tricarpellary, syncarpous, trilocular, axile placentation. Rank: Genus. Amaryllidacées, Amarylladacées, Amaryllidées. Govaerts, R. et al. Family: Amaryllidaceae. 354 have studied 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE). Elgorashi et al. Müller-Doblies described ten tribes (and 19 subtribes). A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. Les Amaryllidacées sont distribuée… Of these, one (Agapanthoideae) is monogeneric for Agapanthus (see Cladogram I). Leaf shape may be linear, strap like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate (lance shaped) or filiform (threadlike). . Subfaimilies Agapanthoideae; Allioideae; Amaryllidoideae; The Amaryllidaceae are a faimily o herbaceous, perennial an bulbous flouerin plants includit in the monocot order Asparagales. Feb–Apr 1805, nom. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (2013 onwards) lists 73 genera and 1605 species, while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. within the order Asparagales. Find Info For. 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