The father of six children, however, says growing such crops requires a lot of supervision and labour. You will get healthy Sukuma Wiki only when you maintain care from a young age. “You need to stake, trellis, or cage most tomato and Sukuma wiki plants to keep them off the ground. Thanks. Choose a cloudy day to do this or do so in the early morning (6-10am) or evenings (4-7pm), this is to reduce plant stress from direct sunlight. After sukuma wiki, do not plant cabbages or spinach. Additionally, you will also need plant-tea organic fertiliser and a homemade pesticide to keep your plants healthy. Go thirty 30 cm below this row and do the same thing. A great and nutritious win for busy mamas. The same plant species in its different varieties produces head cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, cauliflower and brussel's sprouts. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'value_co_ke-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',109,'0','0'])); With good tolerance to the diamond black moth, the Sukuma Siku Hybrid Sukuma Wiki yields curled soft leaves, with good flavour and can be harvested for between 6 and 9 months after the first harvest. One of the real Kenyan staples. The Collard Greens seedlings will be about 4 weeks old. She learned how to transplant the seedlings and to make organic fertilizers and manure, among other agricultural skills. [1] Contents. It has short spaces between the nodes, developing many leaves per internode. The name means "pushing out the week". Control pests in the nursery to ensure the seedlings are healthy. Such competition will lead to weak seedlings. You need to be in the garden all the time and this is what I have been doing since I started this business. SUKUMA WIKI In Congo and in East Africa (Tanzania and Kenya), the plant is referred to by the generic name of sukuma wiki, which literally translates as stretch the week. Sukuma Wiki, the local Kiswahili name refers to pushing or extending the weekly food budget. Sukuma Wiki is a Swahili expression which can be translated to mean “stretching the week” (stretching food to last the week) and feeding a family day by day. It is a vegetable that is generally affordable and ava You can sow Sukuma Wiki seeds on open nursery or seedling trays. Besides vegetables such as spinach, onions and sukuma wiki, one can also plant strawberries in the garden. Sukuma wiki literally means ‘to push the week’ in Kenya’s national language, Kiswahili, which is spoken throughout Kenya. In the south-eastern part of Nigeria, pumpkin leaves (ugu) are widely used in this recipe which is known as Edikang Ikong in Efik language. After much thinking about each vegetable’s growth characteristics, growing conditions, ease of management, and potential yield, I came to one conclusion. Collard greens done right! Developed by, Mfalme F1, by east african seeds company, has a long harvesting period, and the leaves are not acidic when cooked, making it a preferred choice among people with ulcers. When weeding, do it in a shallow manner in order to avoid injuring the sukuma wiki leaves. The spacing for Sukuma Wiki depends on the size of the leaves/head. The plants are easy to grow and produce an abundance of green, leafy vegetable. Sukuma Wiki is rich in beta carotene, vitamin K, vitamin C, lutein, zeaxanthin, roughage, iron and calcium. Collard greens are known as sukuma in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. Fill it with small pebbles-you can use the ‘kokoto’ used in construction and continue adding soil around it up to the top; gently remove the tin leaving the stones in the middle. When preparing the land for growing Sukuma Wiki, make sure the ploughing is deep, allowing for faster and better root development. Very informative. What does Sukuma Wiki mean? To grow healthy Sukuma you will need a gunny bag/gunia, dried manure and loam soil. For those going organic, sprinkle ash, boil hot pepper or neem leaves and spray the mixture after it cools-it will kill most pests. Sukuma wiki means to push or extend the week. In 2017, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) released the Africa Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition Report, which indicated that 22.7 percent of people in sub-Sahara are chronically undernourished. It does well in a hot and wet climate, and takes between 6 … For spinach, break off the whole leaf branch from the main stem to avoid rotting. It’s a flavorful mix of hearty greens with enough oomph and flavor to carry a meal, even if the budget for meat has run out. The Marrow Stem Sukuma Wiki is good for cooler climate, with a good distribution of rainfall. Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Services (KEPHIS), Lagrotech Seed Company, Warwick-HRI,UK Participatory learning with farmers Improved Kinale kale seed lines Sukuma Wiki Super Seed Smallholder vegetable production is an important engine for economic growth in peri-urban areas of East and southern Africa. Collard greens are widely used in Africa as the leafy green vegetable of choice for sukuma wiki, but kale, and cassava leaves can also be used. Since sukuma wiki and spinach are in the same family, they require the same environmental conditions to grow; they take a similar amount of time to mature, in addition to being attacked by the same pests. In the meantime, prepare your gunias to receive the young seedlings. Thank you. Kenyan Braised Collard Greens and Ground Beef (Sukuma Wiki) Sukuma wiki is the Swahili name for collard greens which translates to “push/stretch the week”. Using a knife, make holes around the gunia 30 cm from each other, when you are done with one row it should look a circle of holes around the gunia. The nitrogen attracts good bacteria which really helps fertilize the soil. The birds will eat the pests. Mfalme F1 can tolerate some pests and diseases. It best performs at altitudes of between 800m to 2200 above sea level. For a step by step guide Here Is How To Grow Healthy … Collard greens are available all year round in these regions, which makes them easily affordable. Within 4 weeks after transplanting, meaning about 8 weeks after planting the seeds, Sukuma Wiki will be ready for harvest. African Birds Eye Chilli Farming - A Comprehensive Guide. The length of the nursery can be as long as desired. Growing your own food is a great way to take control of your nutrition and since sukuma wiki is a staple in Kenya, here is how you can grow it with limited space in your backyard. It best performs at altitudes of between 800m to 2200 above sea level. The Sukuma Wiki Fertilizer and Manure Application Schedule is: Manure and DAP fertilizer in the nursery. Higher levels of pH make manganese unavailable to the plant, leading to yellowing of leaves. Value Magazine was founded in 2018 by Mutuku Ndeti, a farmer with interests in poultry, horticulture, and fruit farming. There is this sukuma called kogoro in Kikuyu language would you be knowing its English name it's not bitter and forms many branches . Sukuma and spinach seeds have to be grown in a nursery for four weeks before being transplanted to the garden. This will help in getting better responses. This is a vegetable that most households grow if they have the space, and it is also cheap to buy, highly nutricious and delicious. For a nursery you can use a container (20-litre jerrican cut into two), alternatively, the top of your gunia-which now has a circular patch of stones surrounded by soil, will act as your nursery. Ecological Requirements of growing Sukuma Wiki. Since sukuma wiki and spinach are in the same family, they require the same environmental conditions to grow; they take a similar amount of time to mature, in addition to being attacked by the same pests. thanks for the page i was about to do transplanting but i have stoped it after reading this, we tried a thousand headed here in south sudan but didnt work well,what could be the reason, In reply to we tried a thousand headed… by odongo Richards, Simply try out Georgian Collard, Mfalme F1 or Spiner F1 you'll be sorted I have spoken about the problem of 1000 headed Kales and that's from experience, The post is too educative and i would like to ask hw many litres of water is needed per week, Very informative, I would to know the best kale variety to grow in a green house in Nyanza. In reply to What are the costs… by Prester Fabian. Growing vegetables provides nutrition, Sukuma Wiki (Kale) Lastly is kale which is the most common vegetable belonging to the cruciferous cabbage family. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Sukuma wiki is a very rustic African dish, enjoyed in many parts of East African countries like Kenya, Tanzania- just to name a few. Sukuma wiki literally means ‘to push the week’ in Kenya’s national language, Kiswahili, which is spoken throughout Kenya. When sowing Sukuma Wiki seeds in open field nursery, establish the nursery where the plants from the same vegetable family have not been planted for 2 years. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Gunia farming. It has very good heat tolerance. Sukuma Wiki is made out of any leafy green vegetable, mainly collards or kale. PS: You should only bury the plant about to a half an inch from the roots. From Seedlings to Profits, Choosing the right solar powered irrigation system, Potch Koekoek Chicken Breed Characteristics and Management, Sasso Chicken Breeds Details and Management Information. Stones in the middle of gunny bag to improve drainageImage from https://gardeningkiwi.wordpress.com/2015/05/06/how-and-why-you-should-grow-a-gunny-sack-garden/. The best soils for growing Sukuma Wiki are those that are well-drained and rich in organic matter. The mulch can be removed after germination. In this recipe, I have sautéed collard greens in palm oil. Copyright 2019 - value.co.ke . It produces many heads, making it yield more leaves. Sukuma wiki will yield about 8000kgs per acre,  under good management practices. Sukuma wiki is an East African dish made with collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices. At this stage, the plant will be experiencing extensive leaf growth, so fertilisation is key. I will from today… by Patrick Masitsa, Which type of sukuma wiki from East African seed may be favourite in eastern Uganda especially in bugiri district. Sukuma Wiki can grow nearly in any climatic condition, provided water is available. It is done when the leaves are the size of your hand. Sukuma wiki means “stretch the week” as this dish evolved as a way to use up leftover meats, and stretch the leftovers to last a whole week. Urban Farming: Here Is How To Grow Healthy Sukuma Wiki And Spinach In Your Backyard […], […] more ideas on what you can plant in urban farming Here is How To Grow Healthy Sukuma Wiki And Spinach In Your Backyard Facebook […]. It ready for harvest between 45 to 60 days and can be harvested throughout one year after the first harvest. Thinly spread your seeds, fill the trenches with soil, cover with some grass and water-use a watering can that spreads water in a shower. The smell is also a great pest repellant and will keep your plants’ pest free. Collard greens are known as sukuma wiki in Tanzania and Kenya. It has good heat tolerance. Water your gunia from the top, uproot your seedlings from the nursery-remember to hold the bottom part of the stem when uprooting and use your fingers to plant the seedlings into the gunia holes. Because it is cheap but nutritious, sukuma wiki has become a lifeline for millions of people living in Kenya. This will allow you to take care of the seedlings without having to step onto the nursery. You can plant spinach in either spring or fall, or both if you want to produce a biannual harvest! Farming Collard Greens is profitable because it is consumed by nearly every household in Kenya, at least once a week. Image from https://rikimtembezi.wordpress.com/2010/07/17/silent-green-revolution-in-kibera/, Water the transplanted seedlings twice a day, in the mornings and evenings and don’t miss a day. Mix well with the soil, Top dress with CAN in the nursery. Sukuma wiki is an East African dish made with collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices. Make the nursery about 1 metre wide. A cool-weather loving green, spinach is a fast-growing relative of beets and Swiss chard. Since sukuma wiki and spinach are in the same family, they require the same environmental conditions to grow; they take a similar amount of time to mature, in addition to being attacked by the same pests. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Sukuma wiki is a twist of eforiro, a vegetable sauce I grew up eating only with slightly different spices, but they are both excellent sauces you could get on the table in about forty minutes. Once the seeds germinate, thin the seedlings to 2 to 3 centimeters apart to avoid competition for nutrients and space. I would to know the best one between 1000 heads and hybrid? Phosphorus helps in good root development while the manure improves soil structure and moisture retention. Sukuma Wiki Harvesting is done manually, by handpicking. Sukuma wiki is mainly lightly sauteed in oil until tender, flavoured with onions and seasoned with salt, and served either as the main accompaniment or as a side dish with the preferred meat (fish, chicken, beef, or pork). It has short spaces between the nodes, developing many leaves per internode. Sukuma wiki For non Kenyans : sukuma wiki is a kale, a tall cabbage plant. Have learnt a lot. Thanks for this page. Well distributed Rainfall of 350-500mm is ideal. Take a 50 kg gunia (gunny bag) and fill it with soil, if you have manure mix it in in equal measure. Please let us know which varieties you would like us to compare. Incidentally, sukuma wiki means “to push the week” which implies sukuma wiki is a food used to stretch the meals to last for the week. Her crops have varied: Sukuma wiki, eggplant, onions, cabbages, passion fruit, and pawpaw trees, and her family has been enjoying the harvest. Besides increasing your yield per acre of Sukuma wiki, soil rich in high organic matter well-rotted farmyard manure, compost, and other plants vegetative matter, will make your kale tender, sweet when cooked, and resistant to how weather. Harden the seedlings by reducing the amount of water given, one week to the transplanting day. After sukuma wiki, do not plant cabbages or spinach. He is an entrepreneur, a lover of stories and a member of Rotaract. Mix dry manure into the soil and run a stick or your finger across the soil, creating ridges half an inch deep and 15 centimetres apart from each other. Sukuma wiki is the nickname of a green leafy vegetable eaten in Kenya. It is a form of a cabbage where green leaves do not form a head. Sukuma wiki Last updated January 14, 2020 Ugali and sukuma wiki A bundle of sukuma (collard greens). The literal translation means to 'stretch the week' or 'push the week.' Sukuma is mainly lightly sauteed in oil until tender, flavoured with onions and seasoned with salt, and served either as the main accompaniment or as a side dish with the preferred meat (fish, chicken, beef, or pork). The literal translation means to 'stretch the week' or 'push the week.' Secrets of success from Eliud Kipchoge, the greatest marathon runner ever. Collard greens are widely used in Africa as the leafy green vegetable of choice for sukuma wiki, but kale, and cassava leaves can also be used. Every year, he makes more than a million shillings from vegetables, bananas and sugar cane. He is a freelance writer ( engage me at www.writegarage.com), skilled in crafting engaging content; from fintech to marketing techniques, startup culture, business development, analysis...the list goes on ..the only thing that keeps him up is the fact that anyone can change the world. Wet tea bags contain tannic acid which lowers the pH of the soil creating a perfect environment for your plants. But his main money maker is sukuma wiki which he supplies to the village and beyond in Rarieda. Sukuma wiki is a staple in many East African countries like Kenya, Burundi, and Tanzania. You will have healthier soil and a better crop. The article will be of great help so continue providing guides for other crops. Only harvest the outer leaves, so that you can continue harvesting as new leaves develop. She learned how to plant crops in multistage gardens, tins, and on ridges. Otherwise productions will be more higher if land you lease land,say 10,000_20,000 per year. Teabags contain nitrogen and other nutrients that are great for the soil. The Republic of Kenya … How does Mfalme F1 and Sukuma Siku Hybrid varieties compare in yield per harvest per acre? It produces dark green leaves. 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