They have a tendency to occur as single-aged stands, and are subject to stand-level diebacks that have been variously attributed to elephants, water tables, and synchronous senescence. Previous Name: Acacia songwensis. Common names: Fever tree, Fever-tree Acacia, Koorsboom, Sulphur bark. and Pottas-Bircher, C. (2002). Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae and is commonly known in English as the fever tree (local East African names include olerai, kimwea, murera, and mwelele). It is one of the trees that was previously known as an acacia (although the genus name was recently changed to Vachellia – named after Rev. In addition 30 species of larger moths have been recorded as feeding on this tree. xanthophloea was selected for the study because of the economic role it plays in apiculture, its firewood and timber, ornamental, and medicinal uses, and its use when curbing soil erosion and rehabilitation of limestone quarries in Kenya (Orwa et al., 2009, Gathuru, 2011). Tanning Vachellia seyal occasionally hybridizes with V. xanthophloea. This is because mosquitos often lay eggs in moist swampy areas, and they need blood to do that. Medicinal A decoction of the bark is used to treat indigestion and sickle cell anaemia Medicinal and magical plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Uses Gum arabic. As the pods mature they change colour from green to pale greyish brown. The gum is used as an aphrodisiac, to treat diarrhoea, as an emollient, and to treat hemorrhaging, inflammation of the eye, intestinal ailments, and rhinitis. MEDICINAL: The powdered roots and stem are used to treat fevers, headaches (the bark contains traces of quinine) and eye infections. It is used to ward off arthritis and bronchitis. The leaves are twice compound, with small leaflets (8 mm × 2 mm (0.3 in × 0.1 in)). Gum. It is also used as a stimulant. Traditional Medicinal Uses of Vachellia xanthophloea Indications: Administered to people only. Acacia xanthophloea (Fever tree, Sulfur bark, African thorn tree) is a spiny medium-sized tree, erect, with an open crown that reaches a height of 25 m and a diameter of 60 cm at breast height. We have an extensive database of Indigenous plants to help you find the perfect addition to your garden. Acacia xanthophloea | Ubulawu dream herb. It is in flower from February to March. Besides its rather unique and famous lime to yellowish green bark, it is an impressive and stately tree, growing up to 25 or 30 m tall. Acacia has been used in medicines, baking ingredients, tools, and woodwork for centuries. These kingdoms and tribes used acacia in surprisingly diverse ways, from making desserts to treating hemorrhoids. Related plants. Root decoctions are used to alleviate stomach complaints. Medicinal properties Traditional medicines use the bark of the fever tree for treating fevers and eye infections, and the roots are powdered up for the treatment of malaria. … Vachellia karroo, the Sweet Thorn, is, in cultivation, a medium to large single stemmed, deciduous tree. [4][5][6][7], The name xanthophloea is derived from Greek and means "yellow bark" (ξανθός "yellow, golden"; φλοιός "bark"). The sweet thorn has many medicinal uses ranging from wound poultices to eye treatments and cold remedies. It measures 59 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 138 inches and a crown spread of 35 feet. The tree is also used to produce wood used … The flowers are produced in scented pale cream spherical inflorescences, clustered at the nodes and towards the ends of the branches. [3], A fever tree planted outside of its natural range at Ilanda Wilds, "Fever tree" redirects here. [3], Fever trees are fast growing and short lived. Spreading with a High … Medicinal. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) Uses Other uses. In seasonally flooded areas it often forms dense single species stands. Strelitzia 13. The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. Applied in a magical sense. The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. Vachellia erioloba. Medicinally, the roots and a powder made from bark stripped from the trunk are used as an emetic and as a prophylactic against malaria. It is now understood that malarial fever is spread by mosquitos living in the swampy areas that often support this tree species, and not by the tree species itself. Acacia farnesiana is a deciduous Shrub growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a fast rate. The first species ever discovered … Local Tree genera include Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegali… It is a very … Vachellia seyal is, along with other Vachellias, an important source for gum arabic, a natural polysaccharide, that exudes from damaged stems and solidifies. The main stems and larger branches are used to fence out hippo from fields on the Pongola flood plain and the timber is reputed to be used for boxwood. The flowers are used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds. [3], In Australia, Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant in the state of Queensland under the Biosecurity Act 2014, under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. It can fix Nitrogen. ; Use the Plant Filters on the side or bottom to narrow down the plant list by Flower colour, Plant type, etc. It differs from other Acacia species in the color of the bark of its trunk which has a yellowish to greenish color and in its fruits, which are … After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third large… Tree Characteristics. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and … It is a very popular medicinal plant in Africa and studies have shown that is one of the best plants for treating fevers and eye infections. Vachellia. Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) is in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. Applied in a magical sense. Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. Genus. Before going to sleep a question is asked that will be answered in their dreams. [2] This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). The timber is used to make poles … We met her through a friend who is a strong supporter of special plants in South Africa. Bark from this tree and four other herbs including Silene capensis (African dream root) and Synaptolepis kirkii are boiled into a brew. Arnold. RSA Tree No. This is an ecologically and economically important species as almost all of its parts, including bark, pods, seeds, leaves and thorns, are extremely useful to both … Oct 22, 2018 - Acacia xanthophloea (presently Vachellia xanthophloea) - Fever tree Vachellia spp. Everything you need to know about Fever Tree (Vachellia xanthophloea), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. Dracaena aletriformis is not in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. The fever tree – Vachellia xanthophloea. The Fever Tree has also been used as medicine for eye complaints. Vachellia karroo is a useful and widespread tree in Africa. Acacia Xanthophloea: Other names for this plant are Vachellia Xanthophloea or the Fever tree. Family: Fabaceae. We buy our Acacia xanthophloea from a native woman who sells medicinal plants in a small market in South Africa. This is taken to induce lucid dreams, which they call "white paths". (LC) According to the Red List of South African plants, Vachellia xanthophloea is not threatened and is assessed as Least Concern (LC). Although so far, it has only been found in a few gardens and not in the "wild". Echinacea: We all know Echinacea as it is recommended by many … Vachellia xanthophloea, the Fever Tree, is an iconic tree associated with the watercourses of southern and eastern ‘tropical’ Africa. [3], The leaves and pods are used to provide food for livestock while the young branches and foliage are eaten by African elephants while giraffe and vervet monkeys eat the pods and leaves. Camel Thorn. She and her family collect all the plants themselves. [8], Vachellia xanthophloea is found growing near swamps, riverine forests or on lake shores, in semi-evergreen bush land and woodland where there is a high groundwater table. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. The act further requires that all sightings of Vachellia xanthophlea are to be reported to the appropriate authorities within 24 hours and that within Queensland everyone is obliged to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risk of Vachellia xanthophlea spreading until they have received advice from an authorised officer. The timber is used to make poles and posts. Medicinal Use & Construction. The bark is used to treat dysentery and bacterial infections of the skin, such as leprosy. Medicinally the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. (Pea, bean or legume family). [11] It is also a "declared pest" in Western Australia. The common name, fever tree, comes from its tendency to grow in swampy areas: early European settlers in the region noted that malarial fever was contracted in areas with these trees. The flowers produce lots of nectar and pollen for bee-farming and the honey has a pleasant flavour. Acacia xanthophloea. Straight, white spines grow from the branch nodes in pairs. (Pea, bean or legume family). A Vachellia xanthophloea in San Diego Zoo Safari Park, Thorntree Patio is registered as a California Big Tree. The trees grow to a height of 15–25 m (49–82 ft). Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. The characteristic bark is smooth, powdery and greenish yellow, although new twigs are purple, flaking later to reveal the characteristic yellow. "[13], This tree has been used for thousands of years by African tribes as a divination tool. The Fever Tree is a popular medicinal species in South Africa that is traded widely. Gus, the African Plant Hunter , looks at the pharmaceutical uses of three compounds found in the bark extracts of this well-known African tree: catechins, … Indications: Administered to people only. The pale brown pods contain 5-10 elliptical, flattened green seeds and are 5–19 cm (2.0–7.5 in) long, straight, flat and rather papery, the segments are mostly longer than they are wide, often breaking up to form small clusters of segments each containing an individual seed. Previous Names: Acacia maras, Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia litakunensis. An icon of the South African veld, Vachellia karroo is a popular choice among local gardeners as a pavement tree or as a shade tree in larger gardens. 189. [12], These trees are immortalized by Rudyard Kipling in one of his Just So Stories, "The Elephant's Child", wherein he repeatedly refers to "the great grey-green, greasy Limpopo River, all set about with fever-trees. It can be used alone as a feature tree, or grown to … Astringents are often used medicinally - taken internally, for example. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. RSA Tree No. Description. Traditionally used as a medicine to treat high cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, gingivitis, mouth sores and pharyngitis. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Synonyms. [3] It is one of the few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the bark. The genus name Acacia is derived from the Greek word acantha meaning spine, thorn or prickle and the species name xanthophloea is derived from the Greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios meaning bark. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. For other uses, see, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "The Macrolepidoptera Fauna of Acacia in the Kenyan Rift Valley (Part 1)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_xanthophloea&oldid=984934213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 23:47. Our research also aimed at evaluating whether … The wood is hard and heavy and is used as timber and the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. The bark is used as a good luck charm and it is used medicinally, mixed with dried roots to treat malaria and to treat fevers and eye complaints and the bark is rolled into small balls and chewed for a cough and sore throat. [3] The gum is part of the diet of the Senegal bushbaby (Gallinago senegalensis) especially in the dry season. 188. Banfi & Galasso: 1 Medicinal plant reference(s) include this non-scientific name: Medicinal plant references: Scientific names as used in medicinal reference: MPNS matched … The gum of Vachellia seyal is called gum talha, from the Arabic name of the tree: (Talh). Vachellia karroo. they are used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery, and can also be helpful in cases of internal bleeding. Wood Root decoctions … It belongs to the family Fabaceae, which is the third largest woody plant family in southern Africa. The common nickname for this strain of Acacia came from the historic use of the plant when treating fevers. Introduction To Herbal Therapeutics (Clinical Herbalism), Professional Family Herbalist - Starter Bundle. Due to increasing encroachment in its natural habitat, there is increasing pressure on this beautiful tree. It has a long history in civilizations as ancient as the Egyptians and the aboriginal tribes of Australia. If you want to move it to the top of the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group. Quick Links: Monograph Library | Advanced Monograph Search, Copyright © 2004 – 2020 All Rights Reserved, Swaziland (S), Limpopo Province (LIM), Mpumalanga Province (M), KwaZulu-Natal Province (KZN). Use the Plant Search at the top to search for a specific plant by title or keyword. This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa.It can be found in Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, … If you want to add it to the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group.. [9], Butterflies recorded as feeding on Vachellia xanthophloea in Kenya included the Kikuyu ciliate blue (Anthene kikuyu), Pitman's hairtail (Anthene pitmani), common ciliate blue (Anthene definita), African babul blue (Azanus jesous), Victoria's bar (Cigaritis victoriae) and common zebra blue (Leptotes pirithous). Plant List. Applied externally, often as a wash, they are used to treat wounds and other skin problems, haemorrhoids, perspiring feet, some eye … With a rounded crown that is often wider than it is tall. T.H., Prentice, C.A., Hawker, L.C., Snyman, E.E., Tomalin, M., Crouch, N.R. 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